People of all ages may experience problems with focus, concentration, distractibility, paying attention when others (especially teachers) are talking, staying on task, getting things done. The mind may be too active, and not be able to quiet down when necessary, or, for some, it may be too dreamy and never seem to fully wake up. In general it may feel out of control.
Some people with ADD / ADHD may also have problems with impulse control: kids may have difficulty sitting still, or may speak out of turn at school. Adults and children may have problems with being organized, and with their relation to time.
When a number of these problems reach a certain degree of severity, it may be diagnosed as ADD / ADHD. It’s a continuum, a matter of quantity of symptoms and of degree of severity. From the point of view of neurofeedback, what is important is not the diagnosis, but the nature of the problems. These difficulties were among the first to be recognized as a sort of system disorder rather than as a psychological problem. That is, they are not psychological or behavioral, but some kind of disorganization in the brain. While this was originally seen as very unusual, it turns out that many or even most people experience less than optimal brain functioning, with a great variety of effects.
The primary ADD / ADHD treatment until now has been medication. ADD / ADHD Medication is generally is of the stimulant variety, mostly in the amphetamine family of drugs. Of course there are risks associated with medicating growing children and many people are looking for effective alternative treatments for ADHD and related symptoms.
Neurofeedback, in the last few years, has proven to be a safe, effective and efficient approach to these difficulties. Very often most symptoms, both for adults and children, can be cleared up in 10-15 sessions. In some cases, as where there have been early developmental deficits, such as with children adopted from overseas, or in cases of birth difficulties, head trauma, the picture is more complicated. The course of treatment could be longer and it may be necessary to continue on medications but usually at a lower dose.